Gender Identity & Trans Health

Gender 101

Everyone Has A Gender Identity

Gender identity has to do with our sense of self. It’s how we identify and experience our gender – as a woman, man, non-binary, or gender diverse person.

Sex Assigned At Birth

Sex and gender identity are not the same thing. We are assigned a sex (female, male, or intersex) when we are born based on the appearance of our genitals. Our gender identity might match the sex we were assigned at birth, and it might not.


Transgender, or trans, is an umbrella term for people whose gender identity differs from the sex they were assigned at birth. This term includes people who identify with a fluid or non-binary gender, as well as trans men (a man who was assigned female at birth) and trans women (a woman who was assigned male at birth).


The term cisgender refers to people whose gender identity aligns with the sex they were assigned at birth.


Transition refers to the unique process a person goes through in order to live and express their gender identity in ways that feel right for them. Everyone is different; there is no right or wrong way to transition.

Gender Dysphoria

Gender dysphoria is a recognized medical diagnosis that describes a conflict between a person’s gender identity and the sex they were assigned at birth.

Not all trans people experience gender dysphoria in the same way or to the same degree. If you are struggling with your identity it is important to find support; talk to your doctor, a mental health worker, or reach out to a community resource like PEERS Alliance or the PEI Trans Network.

Trans Lifeline: 1-877-330-6366


Health PEI is currently working to increase access to trans specific health services, like hormone replacement therapies and affirming surgeries, by creating clear pathways to care. In PEI, family physicians are the first point of contact for transition related health services. If you do not have a family doctor, or your family doctor is unsure of next steps, please call the Patient Navigator: 1-844-882-3141.

Not all gender-affirming surgeries are covered through the public health system, and most will be referred to the Centre Métropolitain de Chirurgie (CRC) in Montreal. Travel and accommodation costs are generally not covered. For more information about what services are available search ‘Transgender Health Services PEI’ online or contact PEERS Alliance.

Sexual Health

Remember, sexual health is about what you do – not who you are! Different sexual activities come with different levels of risk. PEERS Alliance has an information library and FREE safer sex supplies to help you live and love safer. Barrier protection methods – like condoms, dams, and gloves – greatly reduce STI risk.  For inclusive confidential sexual reproductive health services  call: 1-844-365-8258.

Creating Authentic Spaces

A Gender Identity and Gender Expression Toolkit to Support the Implementation of Institutional and Social Change. Visit for more awesome resources!

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What does Intersex Mean?

How much do you really know about the history of the word “Intersex”? Find out on this episode of InQueery hosted by them.’s own Maria Tridas.

Further Resources

Trans Sex Guides

Primed 2: A Sex Guide for Trans Men into Men (PDF)

Brazen 2.0: Trans Women’s Safer Sex Guide (PDF)

11 Of The Best Binders You Can Buy, According To A Trans Person

25 Trans and Non-Binary People Who’re Happy, Visible and Making the World a Better Place

5 Young Transgender Activists to Know on Trans Day of Visibility

Creating Inclusive Environments for Trans Participants in Canadian Sport (PDF)

10 Canadian Trans Artists You Should Know

So, Your Child Might Be Transgender (PDF)